Social 8 Outcome 8.3.5

8.3.5 Analyze the impact of changing technology ad socioeconomic conditions is the 50s and 60s

  • Examine how changing technologies affected lifestyle
  • Identify attitudes and values of the 50s and 60s and examine how they affected lifestyle

Social and Economic Conditions

Canada’s increased role on the international scene was do partly because of the strong economy after WWII. Many Canadians grew more prosperous following the war. The new technologies that were developed during the war increased manufacturing and industrial growth. As Canada’s population grew, the economy expanded even more.

Employment increased and workers from around the world immigrated to Canada to take up jobs in new industries and services. Canadians used the money they earned to buy new products. Manufacturers hired more workers to create more products to meet higher demand.

The booming economy and increasing prosperity for many people continued during the 1950s and 1960s.

Transportation Changes

  • Love of cars increased after WWII
  • Car sales increased dramatically largely because of the desire and advertising
  • Road construction increased
  • Road were paved
  • Large trucks began to transport goods
  • Major projects (bridges, causeways, seaways)
  • Trans-Canada Highway built 1962
  • Trains: diesel replaced steam
  • Planes: Commercial aviation grew rapidly
  • Jet engine (late 50s) made air travel popular (also freight)
  • Bush pilots replaced by regular air service

Transportation Impact/Affects

  • More could afford what once had been a luxury (cars)
  • Jobs created (e.g. truckers
  • Saving gas not an issue
  • Easier and faster to travel (importance of good roads)
  • Remote communities increased exposure to new technologies
  • Demand for better transportation resulted in major projects
  • People traveled more (made life exciting)
  • Travel more dangerous

TV and Telephone Change and Affect

  • From the 1930s-1950s there had been a huge push to get electricity to rural areas that up until that point had been without electricity.
  • First 2 TV stations (CBC) in Montreal & Toronto -1952
  • First private station –1953
  • CTV formed –1961
  • Coloured TV arrived mid-60s until then it was black and white
  • Issue-based programs (e.g. Front Page Challenge) created
  • Brought an end to the storyteller era – people used to go around telling stories about the past.
  • Telephones: homes shared party line (eavesdroppers)
  • Families drew together to watch favourite TV show
  • People without TV set visited friends or neighbours to watch
  • More sedentary (less active)
  • More entertainment
  • People stayed up later (including children)

Labour-Saving Devices Changes

  • Synthetics and plastics and electronics
  • Central heat (coal furnace) in new basement
  • Demand for appliances, new kitchen gadgets, tools, etc.
    • Disposable tissues
    • Hair spray
    • Wash-and-wear clothes
    • Transistor radios
    • Power lawn mowers
    • Electric toaster
    • Cake mixes
    • Instant coffee
    • TV dinners
    • Automatic washer/dryer
    • Vacuum cleaner
    • Electric range

Labour-Saving Impacts

  • More cost (elecricity)
  • More dangerous
  • Easier
  • Faster
  • More pollution
  • People less active

Industrialization Changes

  • New technologies helped mining industry expand (uranium production)
  • Air transport important
  • Oil/gas industry expanded
  • High-tech aviation industry developed (never recovered from Avro Arrow cancellation)
  • New towns built
  • Hydroelectric projects (power dams) begun to meet demand
  • Power saws
  • Fewer people were farming
  • Farmers began selling products to canning and freezing companies (e.g. McCain)

Industrialization Impacts

  • TechnologyThenandNowweight: 400;”>More dangerous (e.g. power-saw)
  • Easier (less manual labour)
  • Faster
  • More jobs
  • Modern machinery – fewer people farming

 

Assignment

Technology Then and Now